The Quran vs The Bible

We all know God is real. God has given us sufficient evidence of His existence through creation. We don’t need a book to tell us that there is a Creator. Yet if we want to know anything about God, if we want to know who He is, our only option would be some sort of revelation from Him. Among the most famous writings in human history are the Quran and the Bible. Both claim to be the word of God, both claim to be a revelation from the Creator. Let’s look at some basic facts and beliefs related to each:

The Quran

  • A single book without multiple authors, containing 114 surahs (chapters) and 6236 ayahs (verses), arranged non-chronologically
  • Compiled after the death of Muhammad by the first caliph, Abu Bakr in 633 CE
  • Further standardized by the third caliph, Uthman in 653 CE (all other known copies were reportedly burned)
  • Written in Arabic
  • Muslims believe that the Quran was revealed to Muhammad orally by the angel Jabril, and that the words revealed are the literal words of Allah. The Quran states that the words contained in it have always existed, eternally inscribed on a tablet in heaven (Surah 85:22). Muslims believe that the words of the Quran have been perfectly preserved, to the letter, since the time of Muhammad until today

The Bible

  • A collection of 66 books written by 40 different authors
  • Written over the course of 1500 years, from 1400 BC to 100 CE
  • Written in Hebrew, Aramaic, and Greek
  • Contains different writing styles such as poetry, prophecy, historical narrative, epistles/letters, law, apocalyptic
  • Christians believe the authors of the Bible were personally inspired by God, and that the original writings have been accurately preserved through history, despite minor scribal or copyist errors

Clearly there is a profound difference between these two books, both in terms of how they were written, and in terms of what people believe about them. But despite these differences, if both books are ultimately from God, we should expect perfect agreement between them.

What does the Bible say about the Quran?

Nothing. The latest writings in the Bible predate the Quran by over 500 years, so there is no mention of the Quran in the Bible.

What does the Quran say about the Bible?

Since the Quran came hundreds of years after the Bible, and references many of the same people from the Bible (Adam, Noah, Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, Moses, David, Jesus, etc), it makes sense that the Quran would include references to the Bible. In fact, the Quran makes multiple references to the Torah (first 5 books of the Bible) and the Gospel (writings about Jesus):

  • Surah 3:3He has revealed to you ‘O Prophet’ the Book in truth, confirming what came before it, as He revealed the Torah and the Gospel previously, as a guide for people
  • Surah 5:47So let the people of the Gospel judge by what Allah has revealed in it.
  • Surah 5:68Say, ‘O Prophet,’ “O People of the Book! You have nothing to stand on unless you observe the Torah, the Gospel, and what has been revealed to you from your Lord.”
  • Surah 7:157They are the ones who follow the Messenger, the unlettered Prophet, whose description they find in their Torah and the Gospel.
  • Surah 10:94If you ‘O Prophet’ are in doubt about ‘these stories’ that We have revealed to you, then ask those who read the Scripture before you.

From these ayahs, it is clear that Allah revealed the Torah and the Gospel as his word. Christians and Jews are instructed to judge by their own scriptures and to observe all that is written in them. Muhammad himself confirms that the Christians and Jews had their own scriptures during his lifetime, according to Jami` at-Tirmidhi 2653. Further, we know from manuscript evidence that the Bible that exists today matches the Bible from the time of Muhammad.

But this is a problem.

The Bible and the Quran teach things that contradict each other.

For example, in the Bible, Jesus predicts his death and resurrection multiple times (Matthew 16:21, Matthew 17:22-23, Matthew 20:17-19, Mark 8:31, Luke 9:22), yet the Quran says that Jesus didn’t really die (Surah 4:157).

These cannot both be true.

Perhaps the clearest statement regarding the divinity of Jesus is found in John 1:1-3, where Jesus is referred to as the Word:

In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was with God in the beginning. Through him all things were made; without him nothing was made that has been made.

A few verses later in John 1:14, we see that the Word (Jesus) came into this world, as a man.

The Word became flesh and made his dwelling among us

This is a clear statement in the Bible that Jesus is divine and came to earth as a man. But in Surah 5:116, Jesus denies his own deity.

Jesus is referred to as the Son of God throughout the Gospels (Luke 1:30-35, Matthew 14:32-22, Matthew 16:13-17, John 11:25-27, Mark 3:11) and God the Father calls Jesus his Son (Mark 1:11, Mark 9:3, Matthew 3:17, Luke 9:35).

Yet, the Quran says that Allah has no son in Surah 17:111

“All praise be to God, who has had no son and who has no partner in His kingdom, and who needs no protector from disgrace!”

From these contradictions alone, we can conclude that both the Bible and the Quran cannot both be the word of God. Many Muslims have recognized this fact, and have concluded that the Bible must have been corrupted.

But the Quran says no such thing.

Rather, the Quran confirms the inspiration, preservation, and the authority of the Bible. If there was corruption, we would expect to see evidence of this in the Biblical manuscripts that we have – many of which predate the Quran. But we see no such evidence of corruption in the manuscripts.

So although there is no reference in the Quran about the corruption of the Bible, and no manuscript evidence of corruption, Muslims are still forced to believe that the Bible is corrupted because it contradicts the Quran.

This presents another problem.

The Quran states that there is no changing God’s Words:

Surah 18:27 Recite what has been revealed to you from the Book of your Lord. None can change His Words, nor can you find any refuge besides Him.

and

Surah 6:115 The Word of your Lord has been perfected in truth and justice. None can change His Words. And He is the All-Hearing, All- Knowing.

If the Quran confirms that the Bible is God’s word (Surah 3:3, Surah 5:47, Surah 5:68) and that God’s word cannot be changed, then Muslims who believe the Bible has been corrupted must believe either one of two things:

  1. God couldn’t protect the Bible from corruption (meaning God is not all-powerful)
  2. God chose not to protect the Bible from corruption (meaning God is not trustworthy, and He allowed billions of people to be deceived and sent to hell)

Abdu Murray grew up as a Muslim in the United States. He was forced to confront this very issue regarding the Bible and the Quran. If you would like to listen to his story, you can do so below.

If you are interested in studying the differences between Christianity and Islam, this book is one of the best I have read. For a free copy of this book, click here and I will send you one as a gift.

3 thoughts on “The Quran vs The Bible

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  1. U acknowleged the fact that the bible is with minor (though) mutiple scribal and copyist errors. Those truly inspired by GOD to write his words and message would do so perfectly. The true bible (gospel) exist and is not corrupted but is mischievously hidden. There have been testimonies from high ranking pastors on having encounter with the true gospel during bible trainings in secretive bible colleges of Romania, Italy etc. The bible is of numerous types that even contradict one another. Numerical contradictions, contradictory statement (Jesus contradicting himself on the cross on the number of days he would spend on earth as seen in the book of john), foul languages, indecent statements etc.when you take it up with a christian he or she says you need spiritual understanding of the scripture ( spiritual understanding to understand numerical contradictions?! (wow)) The true word of God should be clear and understandable to mankind of any race, tribe or religion so long as he or she has the proper understanding of the circumstance surrounding each of the words, chapters and verses(all these you can do by reading all the texts u are supposed to without converting to islam or christianity so as to go spiritual) For verily the words of God Almighty are clear and understandable to he who has ears, brain and can comprehend.Learn hebrew and study (not read, for they are two different things entirely) the bible do same for Aramaic and latin and you would end up being atnoished with the mass errror in the English version and even in the great differnces in those of the bibilical languages (hebrew, aramaic, latin for they differ between one another). In the Quran God acknowleges the fact that the books He revealed before the Quran were replicated into several falsified copies, for He said ” woe to those who write the” scripture” (twist it, corrupt it and change its context) with thier hands, and then say, “This is from Allah” in order to exchange it for a small price(wordly benefit). Woe to them for what thier hands have written and woe to them for what they earn (Qur’an chapter2 verse 79) in another verse He said (1)”Those to whom We gave the scripture know him(i.e Prophet Muhammmad (S. A. W)) as they know thier own sons. But indeed, a party of them conceal the truth while they know (it) (2) the truth is from your lord, so never be among the doubters(Qur’an 2:146,147…)in another verse He said “indeed, those who conceal what We sent down of clear proofs and guidance after we made We made it clear for the people in the scripture (Torah, Injil etc) those are cursed by Allah and by those who curse.(Qur’an 2:159) and again He said “Indeed, they who conceal what He has sent down of the Book (Torah, Injil etc) and exchange it for a small price—-those consume not into thier bodies except fire. And Allah will not speak to them on the Day of Ressurection, nor will He purify them. And they will have a painful punishment. (Qur’an2:174) lots of other verses in different verses say more about This issue.
    For God said “He has perfected the religion of Islam”. He in many verses guaranteed the eternal protection of the Holy Qur’an from corruption and even challenge those who disbelieve to point out errors therein or produce a copy similar to it in its uniqueness if they think they can.
    The Qur’an follows no literal order for its not a story book, science text book, history textbook or any textbook you read. For it is unique in having its own order arrangement, its chronology is unique. The Qur’an is but a remainder and warning for those who believe and for the entierity of mankind. And in every chapter, is God’s warning and remainder. Each cited story is deviated from to show the lessons therein and how it should be a warning and remainder for mankind,as man is forgetful by nature. In the Qur’an God describes His power, signs and wonders for mankind to ponder and remember Him through worship and steadfastness. God warns by stating the Do’s and Donts and the reward attached to obeying his order for He is the Great Master and we are all servants /subjects to him. He warns against disobeying His orders for doing so attracts a severe eternal punishment.
    God is one without equals, sons or patners. He is the beginning so is He the End to Him belongs everything and to Him shall we return. The only way to God is Islamic monotheism, for Islam is not a new religion but that of all prophets sent to mankind from Adam to Muhammmad (S. A. W). For in Islam every man shall bear the burden of His sin alone. Salvation is obtained by total submisssion to the will of God.

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  2. Quaran is re-telling the stories from the Bible with a few twists, claiming it’s the ultimate truth. Bible claims that Jesus is the only way to Heaven, and through believing in Him and his death on the cross, we receive a gift of salvation. Quaran cuts out the gift of salvation and the ultimate gift of love from God to humanity. Bible also warns you that Satan can appear to people as an angel of light to deceive them as people associate light with God. Satan is the father of lies. I don’t mean to offend anybody but what if the Quaran is the corruption of God’s words not the other way round? If you tell 90% of truth and 10 % of lies you will still come up with a convincing story. Bible has been corrupted many times throughout the history and used for power and control, but the true message have never changed.

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